Saturday, June 17, 2017

Augmentin, not nectar

A few days back, I stopped by at a pharmacy to buy some medicines. I overheard two other customers talking.

"Augmentin 625 mg - 10"

"Oh Augmentin. It's a very good medicine."

"You've taken it?"

"My uncle had an infection in his feet. He took this for five days. He was totally cured."

"Ok. I have been asked to take it for a cough."

Well, nothing wrong with that. Except that the second guy's tone was very casual. He sounded like he would take Augmentin for any minor problem.

Many people don't realise the dangers of taking antibiotics without actually needing them. Several studies have shown that bacteria are becoming resistant to several antibiotics. This has a lot to do with indiscriminate use of these drugs.



India, especially has been blamed for allowing pharmacies to dispense antibiotics and several other drugs without prescriptions. Some doctors too are known to prescribe antibiotics where they can be avoided. Patients are happy with the quick-fix they offer.

Apart from having some undesirable side-effects, these drugs could become ineffective over a period of time because they have been used where they need not have been used due to bacteria developing resistance to them.

Scientists would need to go on developing stronger antibiotics which may not always be possible. This, like many other problems of our times is not one that affects us immediately but has disastrous consequences in the long run. We must sit up and take notice.

Here is a very interesting video from Harvard Medical School that demonstrates how bacteria mutate to develop resistance to increasing dosages of antibiotics:


Friday, June 16, 2017

Sapiens by Yuval Noah Harari: Life changing



I came across the book Sapiens when I read a column by its author Yuval Noah Harari in the online version of some magazine. I forget which magazine it was and also what the column was about. The column intrigued me and in the footnote it was mentioned that Harari was the author of the best selling book, Sapiens. I immediately logged onto Amazon and bought a kindle version of the book.

In the book, Harari describes the history of the human species as put together by scientists and anthropologists. Harari first describes what happened after the Big Bang - how Physics began, then how Chemistry began, how Biology began and then finally how History began. Evolution describes the process of how single cells eventually grew into the species Homo sapiens that we call human beings. He then goes on to narrate the origins of the four revolutions that made humans unique: (pasted below from Wikipedia)

1. The Cognitive Revolution (c. 70,000 BCE, when Sapiens evolved imagination)
2. The Agricultural Revolution (c. 12,000 BCE, the development of farming)
3. The unification of humankind (the gradual consolidation of human political organisations towards one global empire)
4. The Scientific Revolution (c. 1500 CE, the emergence of objective science)

All the material in the book is purportedly based on discoveries of various fossils made across the world and theories that explain these discoveries.

Harari's theory of how religions evolved makes for some very compelling reading. It makes you think and question your own beliefs. Is whatever I've been believing in so far nothing but a story of someone's fancy imagination? What is the evidence behind this?

The problem however is not as simple as discarding whatever you've been believing in so far. Science's biggest strength and weakness at the same time is its ever-changing nature. Science has no problem in discarding yesterday's universally-accepted theory in favour of a new theory if facts support the new theory better. Religion, on the other hand, has at its very core a set of unchanging dogmas. Whatever the facts may lead you to believe, religion prefers declaring you a heretic rather than change its core beliefs.

If someone were to discard all his religious beliefs in favour of science, would this decision hold him in good stead forever? What if the ever-changing nature of science cause it to discard some of the basic contradictions it has to religion at some point in the future?

These are some of the many questions that flooded my mind as I read this book. At the end of the day, this decision is up to each of us. This book is one I would recommend to everyone. It is important for each of us to debate the contents in our mind. It is good for us to ask these questions. Sometimes, the answers might not be fully evident. It does not matter. It is good if this forces us to think and not rest our minds in the status quo.

For a quick summary of the book, click here. However, I really recommend that you read the whole book.

Thursday, June 15, 2017

Carpal Tunnel Syndrome


  • I finally have a firm diagnosis for the numbness in the fingers of my left hand
  • It is Carpal Tunnel Syndrome (CTS)
  • I have been having this numbness from late 2015
  • I had consulted a neurologist long ago who somehow missed this diagnosis
  • I consulted another neurologist a few days back, a very senior doctor at Care Hospital
  • He got some tests done which confirmed his initial suspicion of CTS
  • I am scheduled to undergo surgery to decompress the nerve today at around 9 am
  • By the time you read this, I should have been done!
  • Let's hope the surgery helps to relieve my symptoms

When you see something here posted exactly at 5 am...

...it means it has been drafted much before and scheduled to be posted at such and such a date at 5 am.

All my short stories are written completely and then scheduled to be released one part each day typically early in the morning.

Even this post and tomorrow's post have been already written and scheduled to be released at 5 am.